The Osho Commune International

The Osho Commune International was founded by Osho formerly known as Bhagavan Shree Rajneesh (1931-1990) who was a controversial spiritual teacher from India. His synthesis of spirituality with personal growth psychology attracted significant numbers of westerners.  

Meher Baba

Meher Baba (1894-1969) was an Indian spiritual teacher who synthesized various strains of religions and spiritual wisdom.  

The Mata Amritanandamayi Math

The Mata Amritanandamayi Math is a network of centers around the world devoted to the teachings of Mataji (b. 1951) which emerged in India in the 1960’s. In the Temples devotees practice a form of Bhakti Yoga by singing Mataji’s bhajans/songs. Devotion to a wide variety of deity figures including, Jesus, Buddha, the Virgin Mary and…

The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON)

The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) or the Hare Krishna Movement as it is commonly called was founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami (called Srila Prabhupada by his followers) in 1966.  The Hare Krishna movement is a strand of Gaudiya (Bengali) Vaishnavism belonging to the Madhva Sampradaya one of the main Vaishnava traditions. It is based…

The Gaudiya Math

The Gaudiya Math was founded by Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Maharaja (1869-1936) in 1918 creating a modern institution dedicated to promote Vaishnavism. The original Gaudiya Math was now divided into several Maths with different names and spiritual leaders but with almost identical philosophy and practices.  

Gandhi’s Satyagraha

Gandhi’s Satyagraha was started by Mohandas Gandhi (1869-1947) who is probably the best known Indian of the 20th Century. He was primarily an educator and reformer. His ultimate aim was to re-establish Rama-rajya, the reign of Lord Rama-or, in more Western terms, the “kingdom of God on Earth.” His means to free India from British Rule…

The Divine Light Mission/Elan Vital

The Divine Light Mission/Elan Vital was founded by Sri Hans Maharaj Ji (1900-1966) in the 1930’s in India. When Maharaj Ji died Prem Pal Singh Rawat , the youngest of 4 sons and only 8 years old at the time declared himself to be his father’s spiritual successor and a satguru or Perfect Master. The movement…

The Divine Life Society

The Divine Life Society was founded by Shivananda Sarasvati Maharaja (1887-1963) and its philosophy and ritual practice are rooted in Hinduism’s Bhakti Yoga and Raja Yoga paths.  

The Chinmayananda Mission

The Chinmayananda Mission was founded by followers of Swami Chinmayananda (1916-1993) in 1953 in India. Their teachings are based on Advaitic Vedanta.  

The Brahmo Sabha

The Brahmo Sabha was founded in 1828 by Rama Mohan Roy and in 1843 was restructured and renamed Brahmo Samaj by Devendranatha Tagore, father of the well known poet Rabindranatha Tagore. Rama Mohan was extremely learned and strongly influenced by Christianity. He disagreed with the doctrine of reincarnation and fought to abolish certain traditional practices, some…