Siddha Yoga

Siddha Yoga was founded by Swami Muktananda (1908-1982) in 1961. the movement quotes and comments on ritual and philosophical texts of the Veda, Vedanta, Saiva Agama and Tantra and have given special prominence to texts of Kashmiri Shaivism. Siddha Yoga seems to have an open or an emerging cannon of scripture that is determined by the…

Sai Organization

Sai Organization was founded by the contemporary Indian guru Bhagavan Shri Sathya Sai Baba born in 1926 in Andhra Pradesh. He claims to be the reincarnation of the miracle-working Maharastrian saint Sai Baba of Shirdi (1856-1918). The movement follows the style of Hindu Bhakti but emphasizes the individual’s commintment to Sai Baba himself as personification of…

Sahaja Yoga

Sahaja Yoga was founded by Sri Mataji Nirmala (b. 1923). Its practices combine principles of Tantrism with rituals and symbols from other traditions especially from South Asia.  

Ramana Maharshi

Ramana Maharshi (1879-1950) was a widely recognized Hindu mystic who attracted many followers from both East and West. He was an extraordinary personality and his ashram became renowned for giving all its inhabitants a deep sense of peace and tranquility. Ramana Maharshi is credited with establishing the relevance of the Advaita philosophy to the modern world….

The Ramakrishna Mission

The Ramakrishna Mission was founded by the Bengali saint Vivekananda Swami (1863-1902) in the name of his guru, Ramakrishna (1836-1886).  Vivekananda Swami was expert in presenting Advaita Vedanta from Shankara and greatly impressed the Western World in his presentation to the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893. It is headed by a well-disciplined and…

The Osho Commune International

The Osho Commune International was founded by Osho formerly known as Bhagavan Shree Rajneesh (1931-1990) who was a controversial spiritual teacher from India. His synthesis of spirituality with personal growth psychology attracted significant numbers of westerners.  

Meher Baba

Meher Baba (1894-1969) was an Indian spiritual teacher who synthesized various strains of religions and spiritual wisdom.  

The Mata Amritanandamayi Math

The Mata Amritanandamayi Math is a network of centers around the world devoted to the teachings of Mataji (b. 1951) which emerged in India in the 1960’s. In the Temples devotees practice a form of Bhakti Yoga by singing Mataji’s bhajans/songs. Devotion to a wide variety of deity figures including, Jesus, Buddha, the Virgin Mary and…

The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON)

The International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON) or the Hare Krishna Movement as it is commonly called was founded by A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami (called Srila Prabhupada by his followers) in 1966.  The Hare Krishna movement is a strand of Gaudiya (Bengali) Vaishnavism belonging to the Madhva Sampradaya one of the main Vaishnava traditions. It is based…

The Gaudiya Math

The Gaudiya Math was founded by Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Maharaja (1869-1936) in 1918 creating a modern institution dedicated to promote Vaishnavism. The original Gaudiya Math was now divided into several Maths with different names and spiritual leaders but with almost identical philosophy and practices.